Cultural background[ edit ] The 19th-century culture of the state was heavily influenced by the plantation culture of the Old Southdependent on African-American slave labor, as well as the patron system once prevalent and still somewhat present in northern Mexico and South Texas.
In these societies the government's primary role was seen as being the preservation of social order. Solving of individual problems in society was seen as a local problem with the expectation that the individual with wealth should resolve his or her own issues.
In their book, Texas Politics Todayauthors Maxwell, Crain, and Santos attribute Texas' traditionally low voter turnout among whites to these influences.
Eisenhower 's victory inTexas voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election exceptwhen it did not support Catholic Al Smith.
The state had a white majority and Democrats re-established their dominance after the Civil War. In the midth century and elections, the state voters joined the landslide for Dwight D.
Texas did not vote in and due to the Civil War and Reconstruction. Ruby and Norris Wright Cuney. Ruby was a black community organizer, director in the federal Freedmen's Bureauand leader of the Galveston Union League.
Cuney returned and settled in Galveston, where he became active in the Union League and the Republican party; he rose to the leadership of the party. He became influential in Galveston and Texas politics, and is widely regarded as one of the most influential black leaders in the South during the 19th century.
From throughTexas had virtually disenfranchised most blacks and many Latinos and poor whites through imposition of the poll tax and white primaries.
Across the South, Democrats controlled congressional apportionment based on total population, although they had disenfranchised the black population.
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The Solid South exercised tremendous power in Congress, and Democrats gained important committee chairmanships by seniority. They gained federal funding for infrastructure projects in their states and the region, as well as support for numerous military bases, as two examples of how they brought federal investment to the state and region.
In the post-Reconstruction era, by the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the Republican Party became non-competitive in the South, due to Democrat-dominated legislatures' disenfranchisement of blacks and many poor whites and Latinos. In Texas, the Democrat-dominated legislature excluded them through passage of a poll tax and white primary.
As can be seen on the graph at the following link, voter turnout in Texas declined dramatically following these disenfranchisement measures, and Southern voting turnout was far below the national average. The German counties continued to run Republican candidates. Wurzbach was elected from the 14th district from tocontesting and finally winning the election ofand being re-elected in Some of the most important American political figures of the 20th century, such as President Lyndon B.
But, the Texas Democrats were rarely united, being divided into conservativemoderate and liberal factions that vied with one another for power.
He worked to help Texas native General Dwight D. Eisenhower to carry the state. Eisenhower was generally highly respected due to his role as Commander of the Allies in World War II and was popular nationally, winning the election.
Beginning in the late s, Republican strength increased in Texas, particularly among residents of the expanding "country club suburbs" around Dallas and Houston.
Bush in andrespectively, reflected this trend. Nationally, outside of the South, Democrats supported the civil rights movement and achieved important passage of federal legislation in the mids.Sources for United States and international public opinion results and data, with an emphasis on political topics Political Opinion & Survey Data Sources.
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WASHINGTON - Republican Gov. Rick Scott leads Democratic Sen. Bill Nelson by 12, votes in the Florida Senate race. A margin of victory that large has never be overturned in a recount.
For approximately 99 years, from after Reconstruction until the s, the Democratic Party dominated Texas politics.. In a reversal of alignments, since the late s the Republican Party has grown more prominent within the state based on an influx of primarily white voters (the majority in the state) from the Democratic Party.
By the mids, it became the state's dominant political party.