Bibliography Introduction Mexicans have lived in the Pacific Northwest since the s.
See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Latent profile and transition analyses identified four distinct orientation profiles endorsed by the early adolescents and their developmental trends across four time points.
Most Mexican and Mexican American adolescents endorsed bicultural profiles with developmental trends characterized by widespread stasis and transitions toward greater ethnic identity exploration. These findings are discussed in regard to previous findings on acculturation and ethnic identity development.
Limitations and future directions for the research on ethnic identity development and acculturation are also discussed. According to the UN, about million people lived in countries other than their native country at the turn of this century, a figure expected to double by United Nations, The greatest percentage of U.
As a result, Hispanics, primarily those with Mexican heritage, make up the most quickly growing segment of the U.
Though encountered by many, the developmental processes experienced by acculturating people are still unclear, calling for research that gauges those experiences. The following sections review relevant literature to illustrate the structure of each of those constructs and clarify the theoretical connections among them.
According to Phinney, development of ethnic identity involves two interrelated mechanisms: Multicultural communities encourage ethnic identification, for the contact with different ethnic cultures helps individuals realize ethnicity issues and begin identifying themselves with their ethnic group Berry, Thus, border communities, such as southwestern cities in the United States, provide ideal settings to examine ethnic identification arising from both immigration and from the cross-cultural contact experienced by both immigrants and later generation Americans.
Immigrants, including those of later generations, are often described in terms of their ethnic group membership, rather than individual attributes and unique personalities. It is to this issue of intercultural orientation that the current review now turns.
Adaptation Style of Mexican-Heritage Youth Upon encounter with a different culture and through the journey of acculturation, individuals deploy a variety of dispositional strategies to accommodate the potential tension between the new culture and their culture of origin.
Note that such a tension can and does occur to immigrants of second or later generations because they may find contradiction between the beliefs and values of the host culture they experience outside the family and those of the culture of their heritage described, shown, and communicated by their parents.
Others, however, argue that the movement toward assimilation predominates Gordon, ; Kim,; see Sam,for a discussion of these two schools.
That is, past research indicates that most Mexican-heritage youth in the United States tend to exhibit either a bicultural or a monocultural orientation. The former directly corresponds to the notion of integration whereas the latter specifically represents assimilation; marginalization seems particularly rare among nonclinical, community-based populations of Mexican immigrants and Mexican Americans in the United States French et al.
Because language provides a vital tool for everyday communication wherein individuals manage their relationships with others and express identity, scrutiny into the way in which Mexican-heritage youth utilize language may shed further light on their cultural orientation and ethnic identity.
Other research has demonstrated similar relationships for second- and later generation Mexican Americans see, e. Similarly, Gibbons and Ramirez found that, among Hispanic teenagers living in Sydney, the determination to resist the social pressure to assimilate into the English-dominant local community is associated with their Spanish language maintenance and ethnic pride.As of July , Mexican Americans comprised % of all Hispanics and Latinos in the United States.
Many Mexican Americans reside in the American Southwest, over 60% of all Mexican Americans reside in the states of California and Texas. As of Mexicans make up .
Chapter Hispanic Americans. STUDY. PLAY. Which state was brought into the United States as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the End of the Mexican-American War? A) Oregon B) Utah C) Colorado D) California.
When trying to understand the Latin American experience in the United States, Raul continually stresses the dual. The Mexican–American War The United Mexican States are a federation of 31 free and sovereign states, In trying to capture in a single figure the multicultural reality of Mexico, the result of the intellectual analysis has produced a series of stereotypes and truisms about what it is to be a Mexican.
This discourse about The Mexican.
National Hispanic Heritage Month, 8Latinos make up the largest group of immigrants in most states, mostly because Mexico is the biggest source of immigrants in 33 states. In some states, though, other Hispanic groups are the largest: El Salvador is the top country of birth among immigrants in Virginia and Maryland, the Dominican Republic.
An estimated million Hispanics of Mexican origin resided in the United States in , according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Mexicans in this statistical profile are people who self-identified as Hispanics of Mexican origin; this means.
Statistical portrait of Hispanics in the United States. By Antonio Flores. Key Charts; Current Data; Trend Data; Previous Years’ Data; There were million Hispanics in the United States in , accounting for % of the total U.S.
population. In , with a population of million, Hispanics made up just % of the total U.S. population.