Episode IV A New Hopewhich they co-produced and co-financed, in perpetuity in all media worldwide. Fox was also to retain theatrical, nontheatrical, and home video rights worldwide for the franchise's five subsequent films, which Lucasfilm produced and financed independently, through Mayat which time ownership was to transfer to Disney. This complex relationship between Disney and Fox, particularly in regards to Fox's perpetual rights to Episode IV, was to create an obstacle for any future boxed set comprising all nine films.
At the end of the nineteenth century there was an increasing demand for fashion furs from the different social classes.
Their success encouraged the creation of a profitable retail fur industry in Europe and in North America. Beginning in the s, Europeans and North Americans started to wear animal furs on the outside of a garment.
In the early s, French fashion designers such as Madame Isidore Paquinand Paul Poiret introduced elegant fur garments in their regular fashion collections.
Mme Paquin had developed a method of treating fur so that it would be softer and more comfortable to wear. Her fur coats and fur trimmed garments were in great demand by the socially prominent women of that period Hansen,p. The new techniques in the dyeing of furs in bright colors, in laser cutting, in micro-shearing, in texturing, and in knitting and integrating fur with other fabrics has led to the marketing of products that are appealing to designers and consumers.
Sincedesigners have been creatively adapting the soft, An analysis of twentieth century love and very light and brightly colored furs in their chic evening and daytime collections.
Since the early s, fur markets have been strongly influenced by changing fashion trends, and by economic and social forces. With the opening of vast Asian fur markets in recent years, we can surmise that in the future the demand for North American animal pelts will intensify, and that the prices of fashion furs will increase.
The most expensive furs on the market were sable, ermine, mink and fox. Furs such as racoon, beaver, and buffalo were deemed to be more affordable than the luxury furs. For those with a modest purse they could purchase furs such as moleskin, Hudson otter, and Siberian beaver.
The lowest priced furs on the market included rabbit, nutria, skunk, and squirrel Boucher, n. Dyhousewho studied fashion furs in England during the s, concluded that two out of three women on any street in any English town would be wearing a fur coat, or one trimmed with fur.
This data implies that the demand for animal pelts at fur auctions would have been astronomical. The early cars were open, and motoring in cool weather required warm and protective clothing.
In the s and s racoon coats became the rage for motoring and attending sporting events. The fashionable racoon coats, worn by both men and women, were dark brown in color, and had a shawl collar and hefty leather buttons.
For those who could not afford a coon coat, retailers offered lesser priced coats made out of sturdy lynx or sheepskin. Coats fabricated out of long vertical strips of fur were quite popular. This silhouette remained in vogue up until around the s Hansen,p.
Luxurious Fur Coats According to Dyhousein the s fox became one of the most sought after furs. Wealthy women and the glamorous film stars were usually seen wearing mega white or grey fox coats. The film stars loved to show off their full length ermine and white fox coats when attending the Oscars.
Infor instance, Marie Dressler looked fabulous in an ermine coat which she wore over her black lace dress. InClaudette Colbert had a luxurious white fur coat draped on her arm when she accepted her award from Shirley Temple Chase,p. Fur Stoles and Tippets InPaul Poiret and other designers introduced fur stoles in their collections.
These elegant fur pieces, which were thrown over the shoulders, remained stylish throughout the 20th century. InMme Lanvin designed a thinner fur cape which could be wrapped around the shoulders.
These capes came in a variety of short and long lengths Hansen,p. The tippet, which had been in fashion in the eighteenth century, made a comeback between and Fashionable women would wear an animal skin around the neck like a scarf, and quite often the head and paws of the animal were retained for decoration Fogg,p.
InPaul Poiret introduced a charming demi-crinoline coat with fur trim at the bottom. Some of the popular trimmings over the years have included large and small fur collars, fur cuffs, and fur bands around the hems of winter coats.
In it was modish to trim a winter coat with a collar and pockets of fox, or to trim a coat with long vertical strips of fur Boucher, n. Fur Muffs Hand held fur muffs had been carried by women and men as far back as the s.
One of the changes made to the muff in later years was to incorporate internal pockets for carrying money and other small necessities Fogg,p. For a number of years, the long beaver or raccoon overcoats were popular.
Men also wore coats lined with shaved fur.
These coats were either collarless or had a fur collar Hanson,p. With the downturn in the labor market, many people no longer had the disposable income to purchase furs.
Although there are indications that the high-end retail fur business in the United States remained recession-proof as not all wealthy individuals had lost their money in the stock markets. These individuals continued to acquire luxury furs Evans, Inc. The fur markets continued their downward spiral in the early s due to World War II.A Retro Oddity.
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