Its capital Babylon was beautifully adorned by king Nebuchadnezzarwho erected several famous buildings. Even after the Babylonian Empire had been overthrown by the Persian king Cyrus the Greatthe city itself remained an important cultural center. The city of Babylon makes its first appearance in our sources after the fall of the Empire of the Third Dynasty of Ur, which had ruled the city states of the alluvial plain between the rivers Euphrates and Tigris for more than a century ? An agricultural crisis meant the end of this centralized state, and several more or less nomadic tribes settled in southern Mesopotamia.
Babylonia, A history of ancient Babylon Babylonia including its cities, laws, kings and legacy to civilization. The earliest and by no means the least impressive instance of the power of civilization to dominate a rude people and mould them to its will is furnished in the relations of Babylonia to the Kassites.
Tribes, vigorous and wild, hitherto possessing but slight traces of organization and culture, descended from the hills upon a region in which dwelt a nation of high social and political development, possessing a long history of achievements in culture, distinguished for the peaceful acquisitions of wealth and the enjoyment of the refinements of civilization.
The outcome, it might seem, was likely to be the overthrow of the political structure, and the disappearance of the high attainment in science and the arts of life, reached by slow stages through two thousand years, to be followed by a painful rebuilding of the political and social edifice on new foundations.
In reality the very opposite of this took place. The splendid work of Babylonian civilization stood intact; the conquerors entered into the inheritance of its traditions and achievements, and within a century were found laboring for its advancement and perfection.
The Kassites were absorbed into the Babylonian life without a struggle. They even lost all attachment to the mountain homes whence they came and to the peoples from which they sprang, and permitted them, at last, to pass into the possession of Assyria.
The Kassite regime was not, however, without its influence upon Babylonian history and life. The direct contributions of purely Kassite elements were, indeed, few.
Some words enriched the language; the new speech became a dialect which must be mastered by the scholars; some cults of Kassite gods were established and remained.
A new racial ingredient was poured into the already varied complex which made up the Babylonian people, - an ingredient not without value in infusing fresh and vigorous elements into the doubtless somewhat enfeebled stock.
For the incoming of the invaders was sufficient evidence that the native population was no longer able to defend itself against assaults, and the service of Agumkakrime, of which he boasts in his inscription sect. That such a work was not only necessary but appreciated by the nation is abundantly proved by the length of time during which the Kassite kings sat upon the throne, in spite of the difficulties which encompassed them.
Not as Kassite but as Babylonian kings, therefore, did these rulers contribute to the development of the land between the rivers. Entering into the heritage of preceding dynasties, they ruled like them in accordance with Babylonian precedent, and in many respects were worthy of the succession.
In one thing they surpassed their predecessors; they gave to Babylonia a common name. Up to their time, the kings had been rulers of cities whose authority extended over districts round about, a state of things true even of the age of Khammurabi, when all the land was united under the sway of the city-state of Babylon.
Yet these foreign conquerors were able to succeed where that great king had failed.
They called themselves kings of Karduniash. This name was not that of a city, and while it was at first attached to one of the southern districts sect. Reference has already been made sect.
It centred in the exaltation of the city-god Marduk of Babylon, and the systematic abasement of the other religious shrines, particularly that of Nippur. But in this period that very temple of Bel at Nippur seems to have returned to prominence and its god received high honor.
The American explorers on that site note that one of the Kurigalzus rebuilt the ancient ziggurat, another Kassite king "built the great structure containing the Court of Columns," and the memorials of this dynasty, in the shape of votive offerings and temple archives, are the characteristic and dominating element among the objects unearthed on the site Peters, Nippur, II.
Moreover, among the few Kassite inscriptions found elsewhere, are records of temple-building at other points. These facts have led to the inference that the Kassites represented a reaction from the systematic glorification of Marduk of Babylon as god of gods, in favor of the older deities and the provincial shrines, and that this attitude illustrates their general position in opposition to the policy of Khammurabi, whereby they favored the people of the country at large as over against the capital city, Babylon.
It is true that Agumkakrime's inscription is largely occupied with his services to the temple of Marduk, and that the other kings seem to have continued to dwell at Babylon, but these facts do not deter an eminent scholar from summing up the contribution of the Kassite dynasty to the development of Babylonia in these words: The civilization of Karduniash - to use the name characteristic of this age - was, in the Kassite period, influenced as never before by international relations.The first Babylonian dynasty included Hammurabi, the sixth king, known for his code of laws.
Hammurabi expanded the kingdom, and the area around Babylon became known as Babylonia. During the second dynasty, Babylon was in communication with Egypt and entered a year struggle with Assyria.
Soon his father died and young Hammurabi was crowned king of the city-state of Babylon. At this time, Babylon was a fairly small kingdom. There were many other larger kingdoms surrounding Babylon including Assyria, Mari, Larsa, and Eshnunna.
Code Of Hammurabi. A Brief Overview of Babylonia. The Last Kings of Babylonia Babylonia, A history of ancient Babylon (Babylonia) including its cities, laws, kings and legacy to civilization. Babylonian leadership in civilization seemed about to come to an end.
But. King Hammurabi ruled Babylon, located along the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, from – BCE. During his time as king he oversaw a great expansion of his kingdom from a city-state to an empire. However, today he is most famous for a series of judgments inscribed on a large stone stele and dubbed Hammurabi's Code.
The sixth king of Babylonia (in what is modern-day Iraq) compiled laws that categorizes three important concepts of vital interest to CEOs today: accountability, incentives, and reciprocity. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for inappropriate content.