Total coastline, 5, kilometers 3, miles ; Indonesia, kilometers miles.
Beginnings Of North European Expansion European overseas expansion after entered a second Dutch colonisation, comparable to developments at home. As Spain declined, so did the Spanish empire and that of Portugal, which was tied to Spain by a Habsburg king after and plagued with its own developing imperial problems.
These new conditions afforded opportunities for northern European states.
The Dutch, between andalmost cleared the Atlantic of Spanish warships and took over most of the Portuguese posts in Brazil, Africa, and Asia. The French and English also became involved on a smaller scale, setting up their global duel for empire in the eighteenth century.
Behind this change was a decisive shift in Europe's early commercial revolution. Expanding foreign trade, new products, an increasing supply of bullion, and rising commercial risks created new problems, calling for energetic initiatives.
During the Dutch colonisation century the Spanish and Portuguese had depended upon quick profits, and because of weak home industries and poor management, wealth flowed through their hands to northern Europe, where it was invested in productive enterprises.
Later, this wealth generated a new imperial age.
European markets after the sixteenth century were swamped with a bewildering array of hitherto rare or unknown goods. New American foods included potatoes, maize Indian cornpeanuts, tomatoes, and fish from Newfoundland's Grand Banks.
In an era without refrigeration imported spices, such as pepper, cloves, and cinnamon, made spoiled foods palatable. Sugar became a common substitute for honey, and cocoa, the Aztec sacred beverage, spread throughout Europe.
Coffee and tea, from the New World and Asia, soon produced new social habits throughout Europe. North American furs, Chinese silks, and cottons from India and Mexico revolutionized clothing fashion.
Luxury furnishings, using rare woods, ivory, and Oriental carpets appeared more frequently in homes of the wealthy.
The use of American tobacco became almost a mania among all classes and contributed further to the booming European market.
|Dutch colonization of the Americas - Wikipedia||Lawrence River in the North Main articles: Along the way, Dutch explorers were charged to claim any uncharted areas for the United Provinces, which led to several significant expeditions and, over time, Dutch explorers founded the province of New Netherland.|
|European Expansion||The VOC had exclusive legal rights on the island and its directors soon came to realize that the French and the British were also mulling over to occupy Mauritius as part of their colonial empire-building strategies. If either of these rival nations claimed Mauritius, the colonial expansion of the Dutch in the Indian Ocean would have been seriously jeopardised.|
|Colonisation of Mauritius – The Dutch Period||Anna De Koningh A slave auction.|
Imported gold and, more significantly, silver probably affected the European economy more than all other foreign goods. After the Spaniards looted Aztec and Inca treasure rooms, the gold flowing from America and Africa subsided to a trickle, but seven million tons of silver poured into Europe before Spanish prices quadrupled and, because most of the silver went to pay for imports, prices in northern Europe more than tripled.
The influx of bullion and the resulting inflation hurt landlords depending on fixed rents and creditors who were paid in cheap money, but the bullion bonanza ended a centuries-long gold drain to the East, with its attendant money shortage.
It also increased the profits of merchants selling on a rising market, thus greatly stimulating north European capitalism. At the opening of the sixteenth century, Italian merchants and money-lenders, mainly Florentines, Venetians, and Genoese, dominated the rising Atlantic economy.
The German Fugger Banking house at Augsburg also provided substantial financing. As the century passed, Antwerp in the southern Netherlands became the economic hub of Europe.
It was the center for the English wool trade as well as the entrepot way station for southbound trade from the Baltic and Portuguese goods from Asia. It was also a great financial center, dealing in commercial and investment instruments.Dutch Colonisation From - indonesia was colonized by the Europeans.
one of them was the Netherlands, they call themselves the Dutch. The Dutch started ruling in Indonesia from and ended in by a japanese invasion in world war 2. The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century.
Instead, it was a slow process of political expansion that took centuries to reach the territorial boundaries of present-day Indonesia. During the course of the. Sep 23, · The Dutch colonized "New Netherland," the area now known as New York, in order to make money from the fur trade and agricultural pursuits.
The Dutch colonies thrived until the English invaded the. Dutch Colonization The Dutch controlled Indonesia longer and had more influence on Indonesia than any other country.
The Dutch had some form of influence on Indonesia from up until In Part One we see how the original Dutch East Indies colony, that was later to become Indonesia, played an important role in capitalist accumulation for the nascent Dutch bourgeoisie, the first to actually carry out a bourgeois revolution in Europe.
History of Capitalist Development in Indonesia: Part One - Dutch Colonisation. s, and the Germans sought coconut oil available in northern New Guinea about that time.
The Dutch and the British had earlier agreed on a division of their interests in the island, and from , the Dutch began to colonize the western portion.