Economic booms

What is a Boom? A boom is a time of financial prosperity, stock growth and rapid progress. A Boom is often followed by a Bust indicated by a fall in production and an increase in unemployment.

Economic booms

Aftermath of World War II Among the causes can be mentioned the rapid normalization of political relations between former Axis powers and the western Allies. After the war, the major powers were determined not to repeat the mistakes of the Great Depressionsome of which were ascribed to post—World War I policy errors.

The Marshall Plan for the rebuilding of Europe is most credited for reconciliation, though the immediate post-war situations was more complicated. Institutional arrangements[ edit ] Institutional economists point to the international institutions established in the post-war period.

Economic booms, the victorious Allies established the United Nations and the Bretton Woods monetary systeminternational institutions designed to promote stability. This was achieved through a number of policies, including promoting free tradeinstituting the Marshall Planand the use of Keynesian economics.

US Council of Economic Advisers[ edit ] In the United States, the Employment Act of set the goals of achieving full employment, full production, and stable prices. It also created the Council of Economic Advisers to provide objective economic analysis and advice on the development and implementation of a wide range of Economic booms and international economic policy issues.

In its first 7 years the CEA made five technical advances in policy making: Japan and West Germany caught up to and exceeded the GDP of the United Kingdom during these years, even as the UK itself was experiencing the greatest absolute prosperity in its history.

In France, this period is often looked back to with nostalgia as the Trente Glorieusesor "Glorious Thirty", while the economies of West Germany and Austria were characterized by Wirtschaftswunder economic miracleand in Italy it is called Miracolo economico economic miracle.

Most developing countries also did well in this period. Belgian economic miracle Belgium experienced a brief but very rapid economic recovery in the aftermath of World War II.

The comparatively light damage sustained by Belgium's heavy industry during the German occupation and the Europe-wide need for the country's traditional exports steel and coal, textiles, and railway infrastructure meant that Belgium became the first European country to regain its pre-war level of output in Economic growth in the period was accompanied by low inflation and sharp increases in real living standards.

However, lack of capital investment meant that Belgium's heavy industry was ill-equipped to compete with other European industries in the s. This contributed to the start of deindustrialisation in Wallonia and the emergence of regional economic disparities.

The economic growth occurred mainly due to productivity gains and to an increase in the number of working hours. Indeed, the working population grew very slowly, the " baby boom " being offset by the extension of the time dedicated to study.

Productivity gains came from catching up with the United States. Among the "major" nations, only Japan had faster growth in this era than France.

France by the s had become a leading world economic power and the world's fourth-largest exporter of manufactured products. It became Europe's largest agricultural producer and exporter, accounting for more than 10 percent of world trade in such goods by the s.

The service sector grew rapidly and became the largest sector, generating a large foreign-trade surplus, chiefly from the earnings from tourism. Italian economic miracle The Italian economy experienced very variable growth.

In the s and early s the Italian economy boomedwith record high growth-rates, including 6. This rapid and sustained growth was due to the ambitions of several[ quantify ] Italian businesspeople, the opening of new industries helped by the discovery of hydrocarbons, made for iron and steel, in the Po valleyre-construction and the modernisation of most Italian cities, such as Milan, Rome and Turin, and the aid given to the country after World War II notably through the Marshall Plan.

Japanese economic miracle A transistor radio made by Sanyo in Japan manufactured much of the world's consumer electronics during this period.

Economic booms

After Japan's economy recovered from the war damage and began to boom, with the fastest growth rates in the world. Japan emerged as a significant power in many economic spheres, including steel working, car manufacturing and the manufacturing of electronics.

Japan rapidly caught up with the West in foreign trade, GNP, and general quality of life. The high economic growth and political tranquility of the mid to late s were slowed by the quadrupling of oil prices in Another serious problem was Japan's growing trade surplus, which reached record heights.

History of stabilization policy

The United States pressured Japan to remedy the imbalance, demanding that Tokyo raise the value of the yen and open its markets further to facilitate more imports from the United States.Feb 13,  · SAN FRANCISCO — The United States is on track to achieve the second-longest economic expansion in its history.

Unemployment is at a year low. And California’s state budget has a. The NBER does not define a recession in terms of two consecutive quarters of decline in real GDP. Rather, a recession is a significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real GDP, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales.

The past decade has seen slow and steady economic growth across the continent of Africa. But economist Charles Robertson has a bold thesis: Africa's about to boom. He talks through a few of the indicators -- from rising education levels to expanded global investment (and not just from China) -- that lead him to predict rapid growth for a billion people, sooner than you may think.

Feb 04,  · The most recent economic cycle is widely recognized as having two distinct segments: the – Bull Market phase, which saw rampant growth and general prosperity, and the Bear Market phase since , which has seen fraud, market manipulation and intervention dominate.

Economic booms

The Population Explosion and Quality of Life. The quality of life for today’s massive human population is severely limited by the finite capacity of ecosystems to provide food and other essentials for human use.

The business cycle, also known as the economic cycle or trade cycle, is the downward and upward movement of gross domestic product (GDP) around its long-term growth trend. The length of a business cycle is the period of time containing a single boom and contraction in sequence.

These fluctuations typically involve shifts over time between periods of relatively rapid economic growth (expansions.

Global Financial Crisis — Global Issues