Sqay[ edit ] Sqay is one of the rising sports in Pakistan, and it has been taken up by many people. Chess[ edit ] In Pakistan, chess is played throughout the country, mostly in Moghul style which is slightly different from the international style. There are many caves for cavers and tourists to visit it especially the Juniper Shaft Cave, the Murghagull Gharra cave, Mughall saa cave, Pir Ghaib Cave, and naturally decorated cave of Pakistan. The Tour de Pakistan International Cycling Race starts from Karachi and ends in Peshawarwith about domestic and international cyclists taking part every year.
Advanced Search Abstract Background: Physical activity among adolescents and its implications for health status is of increasing concern. We examined trends in physical activity and participation in sports clubs among Icelandic adolescents. Cross-sectional survey data were used to determine levels of vigorous physical activity and participation in sports clubs defined as engaging in moderately intensive activity four times or more a week for cohorts of Icelandic adolescents in, and Additionally, there was an overall increase in the proportion of inactive adolescents, with girls consistently reporting higher levels of inactivity than boys even though the net increase in inactivity was higher for boys.
Although our results show an overall increase in vigorous physical activity and participation in sports clubs over the past decade among both genders, our data also indicate that over half of all Icelandic adolescents are not achieving the recommended level of participation in physical activity.
Furthermore, less than one third of the population studied is achieving the recommended level of activity through organized clubs.
Initiatives to increase physical activity among the least active of adolescents should receive high priority in public health.
The patterns of physical activity that are developed during childhood are also important because levels of physical activity tend to track from childhood into adolescence and adulthood. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 12 have recommended that children and adolescents should get 60 min of physical activity of at least moderate intensity most days of the week, preferably daily.
However, one report has estimated that only one third of all young people across Europe and North America get 60 min or more of such moderately intensive physical activity five or more days a week. This is especially true for adolescent girls who have been shown in several studies 6, 14—16 to be less active than their male counterparts.
Increasing physical activity among youth, thus, continues to be an important public health challenge. Monitoring and forecasting trends in physical activity enables public health authorities to better inform the development of initiatives designed to promote participation in regular physical activity and to tailor approaches more effectively to achieve their goals.
However, there are limited published data available that document the levels of participation in physical activity and particularly in the sports clubs that are an important feature of many Nordic and European youth cultures.
The aim of this study was to examine whether the proportion of Icelandic adolescents who are physically active or inactive has changed from toand to document the trends in participation in sports clubs that are organized around team sports.
Furthermore, we sought to investigate whether the levels of participation in physical activity and sports clubs differed by gender. Methods This study utilized population data from a national survey of Icelandic adolescents, Youth in Iceland.
This series of cross-sectional surveys aims to improve understanding of lifestyles, various health related behaviours, and the social well-being of young people in Iceland.
The data analysed were collected during the years, and Participants We analysed survey data from four cross-sectional, nationally representative population-based cohorts of and year old students attending the compulsory 9th and 10th grades of the Icelandic secondary school system.
In Iceland, schooling is mandatory for these ages and all schools are funded by the municipalities that are supervised by the national Ministry of Education.
All secondary schools in Iceland were represented. The study sample size Npercentage of male and female participants and the percentage of the population of students in the 9th and 10th grades that the sample represented for each survey year was as follows: A total of 28 participants completed the survey.
Of this number, gave no gender and there were missing data on the two survey questions of interest for were missing data for vigorous activity and for participation in sports clubs. Measures Two questions that asked respondents to self-report their level of participation in physical activity, vigorous activity and participation in a sports club were the basis for our data analysis; these questions were identical for each study year.
The question asking participants about their level of vigorous physical activity was: However, all useable responses were able to be collapsed and recoded into the following categories: A restricted reliability analysis using 19 study participants The alpha coefficient for these two items was 0.
We considered this level of internal consistency acceptable given the small number of items examined, the size of the sample and the reasonable inter-item correlations.
Procedure Anonymous questionnaires were administered to all students who were present in class on survey days in March of, and Teachers and research assistants distributed the questionnaires, which students placed and sealed in blank envelopes upon completion of the survey.
The questionnaires included items on student educational, family and social background, parental and peer-group relations, emotional well-being and life-style i.
Analysis We conducted frequency counts and calculated percentages for participation in physical activity and sports clubs over time and within gender. Chi-square analyses were then performed to examine both vigorous activity levels and levels of participation in sports clubs by year and by year and gender.
Results Levels of vigorous physical activity Figure 1 displays the trends for participation in vigorous activity and inactivity. Overall, the number of vigorously active students increased 6. An initial increase of 7.
It can also be seen that there has been a greater increase in the number of inactive students, those participating in vigorous physical activity less than once a week.
Figure 1 Percent of and year old Icelandic adolescents who report participation in vigorous physical activity or being inactive, by year Figure 1 View large Download slide Percent of and year old Icelandic adolescents who report participation in vigorous physical activity or being inactive, by year Figure 2 shows the trends in vigorously active and inactive students by gender.Figures also remained stable for team sports including football, both codes of rugby, hockey and netball, with m participants.
Team sports A team sport includes any sportwhich involves players working together towards a shared objective. It is an activity in which a group of individuals, on the same team, work together to accomplish an ultimate goal which is usually to win. decide if they wish to participate in sports if they know how athletics will aﬀect future grade performance.
Imagine an individual who wants to play sports, but only under the condition. A study published in “The Sports Journal” reinforced these findings and showed some interesting between-sport comparisons.
Boys on the cross-country team had among the lowest grades of all the sports examined, but girls’ cross-country teams had among the urbanagricultureinitiative.comd: Jun 17, Sport Participation in Australia Prepared by: Dr Ralph Richards and Christine May, Senior Research Consultants, Clearinghouse for Sport, Sport Australia (formerly Australian Sports Commission) Evaluation by: Graeme Murphy, School of Health and Sport Sciences, University of .
Sport in Pakistan is a significant part of Pakistan culture. Cricket is the most popular sport in Pakistan, while field hockey, polo, and squash are also popular.  Traditional sports like kabaddi and other well-known games are also played.