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Abstract This paper explores the differentials in youth development patterns determined by the economic condition of the household in India.
The wealth index is used to glean youth development differentials in the different economic categories of the household. The findings suggest that youth from the bottom 20 per cent poorest of households are deprived in education, employment, labour force and are not working currently compared to youth from the middle and rich households.
The states differ in youth development patterns employment, appropriate education, skill development and awareness about health. There are more working youth among poor households than among rich households in India.
Female youth are more disadvantaged compared to male youth and it is the same with the rural—urban distribution of youth. Youth development, Adolescence, Wealth index, Healthy lifestyle, Poverty Background India has one of the highest adolescent million and youth populations in the world.
The Census of India has highlighted the profile and status of the adolescent and youth population, which constitutes a critical segment of the total population of India. Socio-political, economic and demographic developments depend on them.
The transition from education and training to economic activity marks an important phase in the lives of youth, who are the productive workforce of the country. The huge unemployment among youth due to lack of skills and poverty is a long term challenge for India.
Init was estimated that the population of the world was 6. In India, the adolescent population is million and the youth population is Compared to the Census, the percentage of adolescents has declined, while that of youth has increased due to a decline in the level of fertility.
There was an addition of nearly The youth population of India is so huge that it is equivalent to the total population of eighteen countries in western Asia according to United Nations estimates World Population Prospects: The Revision During this transitional phase, physical, educational, psychological, social and economic changes occur in their lives.
Youth is a more fluid category than a fixed age-group. The study, Youth in India: Every year, the Government of India allotted Rs.
State governments, institutions, other stakeholders and Non-Governmental Organizations NGOs also supported the development of youth, towards making them a productive workforce. Importance of youth for the demographic dividend in the Indian context In many countries, demographic transition is achieved after the large segment of adolescent and youth population joins the total population.
This happens only when there is a transition of its population from a high to a low situation for both mortality and fertility over a particular period, which also known as the demographic window of opportunity. Demographic dividend can be achieved when economic growth accelerates.
This occurs when the working age group population, having acquired technical and vocational skills, engage themselves in economic activities.
The implementation of national policies over a period of time supports the process. This significant shifting of age structure in the Indian population, can increase economic participation and reduce dependency, which will support economic growth.
Many demographers and economists have forecast that India will reap the demographic dividend through its working population, which has a huge latent potential and productivity. Literacy rate among youth increased from 36 per cent in to Review of literature Various research studies have shown how socioeconomic factors determine the youth development pattern in the Indian context.
Low literacy rate and health problems among female youth are obstacles for the development of youth in India Dreze et al. Rationale for the study The youth population in any country is dynamic and important for its long run development.Youth Employment and Unemployment in India issue of youth employment and unemployment features prominently on the international development agenda.
It is a major focus of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and was reaffirmed by the the present paper, the youth definition of UN and ILO is followed.
Mark Paul is a Postdoctoral Associate at the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University.
William Darity Jr. is the Samuel DuBois Cook Professor of Public Policy, African and African-American Studies and Economics and the Director of the Samuel DuBois Cook Center on Social Equity at Duke University. Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai.
Youth Employment and Unemployment in India. the present paper, the youth definition of UN and ILO is f ollowed. * Income is “a flow of purchasing power” that comes from work, investments, and other sources, like government benefits.
With member countries, staff from more countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and .
This paper argues that the problem of youth unemployment and underemployment would remain a serious policy issue for many more years to come in India. In this context, it highlights the issues and problems of youth population by looking at trends in youth .