Pre-Islamic period The Neolithic village of Jarmo In prehistoric times, the region was home to a Neanderthal culture such as has been found at the Shanidar Cave. Assyrian kings are attested from the 23rd century BC according to the Assyrian King Listand Assyrian city-states such as Ashur and Ekallatum started appearing in the region from the midst century BC. One of the major Assyrian cities in the area, Erbil Arba-Iluwas noted for its distinctive cult of Ishtar and the city was called "the Lady of Ishtar" by its Assyrian inhabitants.
Ideology[ edit ] Author draws parallel between Arab nationalism and Turkish nationalismboth were "likewise evolving into the "racial" stage, the ideal being a great "Pan-Arab" empire, embracing not merely the ethnically Arab peninsula-homeland, but also the Arabized regions of MesopotamiaSyriaEgyptTripoliNorth Africa and the Sudan.
They faced the prospect of becoming 'Arabized' or of being denied political and even civil rights. Groups that identified themselves as neither Arab nor Muslim had it even worse: Southern Sudanese, Copts, Jews, and Assyrians were plunged into a protracted nightmare that saw their communities ground into anonymity, forcing many to emigrate permanently.
Walid Phares writes about Arabism's denial of identity of millions of indigenous non-Arab nations as an ethnic cleansing on a politico-cultural level. That stressing out that "Arabism is racism" would have been an interesting debating topic.
Yet, he adds that "the OIC countries were very clever in how they deflected the slavery issue that could so easily have been turned on them with a vengeance. Much ink has flowed on the issue of Arab nationalism. Some people believe it to be a racist movement, advocating the superiority of the Arabs.
Everybody in this "world" is an Arab. Iraq would be at peace with itself and with its region. Jackes Soustelle to fight against all kinds of racism, this was followed by a paper by Shlomo Friedrich on "Pan-Arabism: A New Racist Menace?
The professor was Saddam Husseinand the doctrine was developed in Egypt by Nasser. They follow the pattern of Ba'athism and Nasserism. In the color of their skin they may not be Arabs, they may be Black.
But they want to be Arab, and they follow this policy of Arabization in Mauritania and Sudan. I consider myself as someone of a Negro descent, although I am not black.
Perhaps my wide nose proves this theory. Therefore, I am sympathetic towards the blacks ideologically, by heritage and by history. We, the whites, will not be liberated until we liberate ourselves from the racist views we have of other races and religions.
Watch any Egyptian sitcom and tell me about the image of the Sudanese character. Listen to the debates regarding noble families and family lineage… even horses now are divided between what is considered "noble" and what is not.
We are racists to the bones. Attempting to hide or silence this fact will not help with the matter because we are a sick society which still suffers from the complexes of color and race. During the Second Sudanese Civil Warabout 2.The ethnic and religious obstacles to national unity.
Under Saddam Hussein, Iraq was ruled by a mostly secular Sunni Arab elite, which viciously suppressed the Shiite Arab majority and the Kurdish minority.
The War in Iraq The war in Iraq is a controversy clouded with misinformation and confusion. To get a proper view of the war we need to step back and examine both sides, pro-war and anti-war, of the facts leading to the war, execution of 4/4(1).
Through the passage of years, the war in Iraq has been a much-talked about issue concerning global peace. Much more is the involvement of the Unites States that hyped-up the controversy.
In war after war, army after army, losing a buddy is considered to be the most distressing thing that can possibly happen. The war deteriorated this year, two thousand and seven, but the war between Sunni and Shia Muslims continued up to this date (“A timeline of the Iraq War,”) Shia vs.
Sunni Muslim Sunni and Shia Muslims are only two among the subgroups of the Muslim religion. This formal grant of legitimacy to political and religious diversity among the nations then became the basis for the toleration of dissenting communities within the state as well.