Expressions may be combined using the following operators, listed in decreasing order of precedence:
History[ edit ] Mount Sumbing surrounded by rice fields. Java's volcanic topography and rich agricultural lands are the fundamental factors in its history. Fossilised remains of Homo erectuspopularly known as the " Java Man ", dating back 1.
Out of these village alliances, small kingdoms developed. The chain of volcanic mountains and associated highlands running the length of Java kept its interior regions and peoples separate and relatively isolated.
Only the Brantas and Sala rivers could provide long-distance communication, and this way their valleys supported the centres of major kingdoms. A system of roads, permanent bridges and toll gates is thought to have been established in Java by at least the midth century. Local powers could disrupt the routes as could the wet season and road use was highly dependent on constant maintenance.
Subsequently, communication between Java's population was difficult. Medang's religion centred on the Hindu god Shivaand the kingdom produced some of Java's earliest Hindu temples on the Dieng Plateau.
Around the 8th century the Sailendra dynasty rose in Kedu Plain and become the patron of Mahayana Buddhism. This ancient kingdom built monuments such as the 9th century Borobudur and Prambanan in central Java. Around the 10th century the centre of power shifted from central to eastern Java.
The eastern Javanese kingdoms of KediriSinghasari and Majapahit were mainly dependent on rice agriculture, yet also pursued trade within the Indonesian archipelago, and with China and India.
Majapahit was established by Wijaya : Hayam Wuruk's prime minister, Gajah Madaled many of the kingdom's territorial conquests. During this era, the Islamic kingdoms of DemakCirebonand Banten were ascendant.
The Mataram Sultanate became the dominant power of central and eastern Java at the end of the 16th century. The principalities of Surabaya and Cirebon were eventually subjugated such that only Mataram and Banten were left to face the Dutch in the 17th century.
Colonial periods[ edit ] Tea plantation in Java during Dutch colonial periodin or before Java's contact with the European colonial powers began in with a treaty between the Sunda kingdom and the Portuguese in Malacca.
After its failure the Portuguese presence was confined to Malacca, and to the eastern islands. Ina four-ship expedition led by Cornelis de Houtman was the first Dutch contact with Indonesia. Internal conflict prevented the Javanese from forming effective alliances against the Dutch. Remnants of the Mataram survived as the Surakarta Solo and Yogyakarta principalities.
Javanese kings claimed to rule with divine authority and the Dutch helped them to preserve remnants of a Javanese aristocracy by confirming them as regents or district officials within the colonial administration. Java's major role during the early part of the colonial period was as a producer of rice.
In spice producing islands like Bandarice was regularly imported from Java, to supply the deficiency in means of subsistence. During the short-lived Daendels administration, as French proxy rule on Java, the construction of the Java Great Post Road was commenced in The road, spanning from Anyer in Western Java to Panarukan in East Java, served as a military supply route and was used in defending Java from British invasion.
InJava was returned to the Dutch under the terms of the Treaty of Paris. Factors for the great population growth include the impact of Dutch colonial rule including the imposed end to civil war in Java, the increase in the area under rice cultivation, and the introduction of food plants such as casava and maize that could sustain populations that could not afford rice.0 Answers.
You have a non empty binary array with value 0 and 1. You can flip either 0 or 1 bit of array to make the consecutive element urbanagricultureinitiative.com have to return the count of consecutive number with same digit. The Sieve of Eratosthenes is a simple algorithm that finds the prime numbers up to a given integer..
Task. Implement the Sieve of Eratosthenes algorithm, with the only allowed optimization that the outer loop can stop at the square root of the limit, and the inner loop .
jq Manual (development version) For released versions, see jq , jq or jq A jq program is a “filter”: it takes an input, and produces an output. There are a lot of builtin filters for extracting a particular field of an object, or converting a number to a string, or various other standard tasks.
Like QuickSort, Merge Sort is a Divide and Conquer algorithm. It divides input array in two halves, calls itself for the two halves and then merges the two sorted halves. The merge() function is used for merging two halves. The merge(arr, l, m, r) is key process that assumes that arr[l..m] and arr[m+r] are sorted and merges the two sorted sub-arrays into one.
C program to merge two arrays into the third array: Arrays are assumed to be sorted in ascending order. You enter two short sorted arrays and combine them to get a larger array.
You enter two short sorted arrays and combine them to get a larger array. dig. Domain Information urbanagricultureinitiative.comr to nslookup, dig does an Internet name server lookup on a host. May be run from the command-line or from within a script. Some interesting options to dig are +time=N for setting a query timeout to N seconds, +nofail for continuing to query servers until a reply is received, and -x for doing a reverse address lookup.